// Contourold.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
// OpenCV includes.
using namespace std;
int main(int argc, char* argv)
//Create a new window.
cvNamedWindow("My Window", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
//Create a new movie capture object.
//Assign the movie to capture.
//inputMovie = cvCaptureFromAVI("vinoth.avi");
char *fileName = "D:\\highway.avi";
//char *fileName = "D:\\Profile\\AVI\\cardriving.wmv";
input = cvCaptureFromFile(fileName);
cout << "Can't open file" << fileName <
//Size of the image.
imgSize.width = 352;
imgSize.height = 240;
//Images to use in the program.
IplImage* greyImage = cvCreateImage( imgSize, IPL_DEPTH_8U, 1);
IplImage* movingAverage = cvCreateImage( imgSize, IPL_DEPTH_32F, 3);
IplImage* motionHistory = cvCreateImage( imgSize, IPL_DEPTH_8U, 3);
//Rectangle to use to put around the people.
CvRect bndRect = cvRect(0,0,0,0);
//Points for the edges of the rectangle.
CvPoint pt1, pt2;
//Create a font object.
//Create video to output to.
char* outFilename = argc==2 ? argv : "D:\\outputMovie.avi";
CvVideoWriter* outputMovie = cvCreateVideoWriter(outFilename,
CV_FOURCC('F', 'L', 'V', 'I'), 29.97, cvSize(720, 576));
//Capture the movie frame by frame.
int prevX = 0;
int numPeople = 0;
//Buffer to save the number of people when converting the integer
//to a string.
//The midpoint X position of the rectangle surrounding the moving objects.
int avgX = 0;
//Indicates whether this is the first time in the loop of frames.
bool first = true;
//Indicates the contour which was closest to the left boundary before the object
//entered the region between the buildings.
int closestToLeft = 0;
//Same as above, but for the right.
int closestToRight = 320;
//Keep processing frames...
//Get a frame from the input video.
colourImage = cvQueryFrame(input);
//If there are no more frames, jump out of the for.
if( !colourImage )
//If this is the first time, initialize the images.
difference = cvCloneImage(colourImage);
temp = cvCloneImage(colourImage);
cvConvertScale(colourImage, movingAverage, 1.0, 0.0);
first = false;
//else, make a running average of the motion.
cvRunningAvg(colourImage, movingAverage, 0.020, NULL);
//Convert the scale of the moving average.
cvConvertScale(movingAverage,temp, 1.0, 0.0);
//Minus the current frame from the moving average.
//Convert the image to grayscale.
//Convert the image to black and white.
cvThreshold(greyImage, greyImage, 70, 255, CV_THRESH_BINARY);
//Dilate and erode to get people blobs
cvDilate(greyImage, greyImage, 0, 18);
cvErode(greyImage, greyImage, 0, 10);
//Find the contours of the moving images in the frame.
CvMemStorage* storage = cvCreateMemStorage(0);
CvSeq* contour = 0;
cvFindContours( greyImage, storage, &contour, sizeof(CvContour), CV_RETR_CCOMP, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE );
//Process each moving contour in the current frame...
for( ; contour != 0; contour = contour->h_next )
//Get a bounding rectangle around the moving object.
bndRect = cvBoundingRect(contour, 0);
pt1.x = bndRect.x;
pt1.y = bndRect.y;
pt2.x = bndRect.x + bndRect.width;
pt2.y = bndRect.y + bndRect.height;
//Get an average X position of the moving contour.
avgX = (pt1.x + pt2.x) / 2;
//If the contour is within the edges of the building...
if(avgX > 90 && avgX < 250)
//If the the previous contour was within 2 of the left boundary...
if(closestToLeft >= 88 && closestToLeft <= 90)
//If the current X position is greater than the previous...
if(avgX > prevX)
//Increase the number of people.
//Reset the closest object to the left indicator.
closestToLeft = 0;
//else if the previous contour was within 2 of the right boundary...
else if(closestToRight >= 250 && closestToRight <= 252)
//If the current X position is less than the previous...
if(avgX < prevX)
//Increase the number of people.
//Reset the closest object to the right counter.
closestToRight = 320;
//Draw the bounding rectangle around the moving object.
cvRectangle(colourImage, pt1, pt2, CV_RGB(255,0,0), 1);
//If the current object is closer to the left boundary but still not across
//it, then change the closest to the left counter to this value.
if(avgX > closestToLeft && avgX <= 90)
closestToLeft = avgX;
//If the current object is closer to the right boundary but still not across
//it, then change the closest to the right counter to this value.
if(avgX < closestToRight && avgX >= 250)
closestToRight = avgX;
//Save the current X value to use as the previous in the next iteration.
prevX = avgX;
//Write the number of people counted at the top of the output frame.
cvInitFont(&font, CV_FONT_HERSHEY_SIMPLEX, 0.8, 0.8, 0, 2);
cvPutText(colourImage, _itoa(numPeople, wow, 10), cvPoint(60, 200), &font, cvScalar(0, 0, 300));
//Show the frame.
cvShowImage("My Window", colourImage);
//Wait for the user to see it.
//Write the frame to the output movie.
// Destroy the image, movies, and window.
Motion detection can be done through this program. this code contains the code for writing the motion detected video to the output file.
Here they hardcoded the values for detecting the people in the video.
we need to remove the code like AvgX,closestToLeft and closestToRight like these ...
it is an enough thing to use the draw the rectangle on all the moving objects.